Bell Island History
Bell Island is a Canadian island located off Newfoundland’s Avalon Peninsula in Conception Bay. Measuring 9 km in length and 3 km in width, it has an area of 34 km². The subsurface is composed of Ordovician sandstone and shale with red hematite. It was once the site of large iron ore mines.
Bell Island Iron Ore Mine History
Reports of iron ore on Bell Island go back to at least 1578, when a merchant from Bristol, England, reported finding iron deposits there. In 1628, members of Sir John Guy’s colony in Cupids sent iron samples from Bell Island to England for analysis. The colonists apparently thought the ore was valuable for they tried, unsuccessfully, to have the deposits added to their colony’s property grant.